Coding refers to writing code for servers and applications using programming languages. They’re called “languages” because they include vocabulary and grammatical HTML web development rules for communicating with computers. They also include special commands, abbreviations, and punctuation that can only be read by devices and programs.
This indicates further (nested) elements, as children of the parent element. Next, erase the content of your index.html file and paste into the file. (If you have not been following the tutorial series, you can review instructions for setting up an index.html file in our tutorial Setting Up Your HTML Project. To try using the element, download our image of Sammy the Shark and place it in your project directory html-practice. This tutorial will teach you how to nest HTML elements in order to apply multiple HTML tags to a single piece of content. This tutorial will teach you the difference between inline-level and block-level elements in HTML and how they affect a piece of content’s position on the page.
You can select a single or multiple web elements and specify how you want them to look or be positioned. You can also use CSS to layout elements by positioning them in specified areas of your page. If you are building anything other than a demo, you will need to add some basic styling to make it more presentable. Think of this attribute the same way as your social media username. And someone can also refer to you or mention you with this name (you can get tagged in a post, and so on).
Just like every other element in HTML, the div tag accepts different kinds of attributes inside it. See the example below, where the width, height, and background color were specified in the style attribute. To build websites, you should know about HTML — the fundamental technology used to define the structure of a webpage. This contains two attributes, but there is no closing tag and no inner content. This is because an image element doesn’t wrap content to affect it.
HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) connects you and your website request to the remote server that houses all website data. It’s a set of rules (a protocol) that defines how messages should be sent over the Internet. Websites are files stored on servers, which are computers that host (fancy term for “store files for”) websites.
Welcome to Learn HTML!
It doesn’t have to be an official document; it’s simply a vision for your site that’ll give both you and your developer(s) direction and a place to start. You can draw it on a whiteboard or use a tool like Invision, Slickplan, or Mindnode. The following section serves as a brief overview of the web development process and a short introduction to the most common languages and CMS options.
Comments can help in the understanding of the markup and do not display in the webpage. Note that it is recommended to always close nested tags in the reverse order that they were opened. For example, in the example below, the tag closes first as it was the last tag to open. Navigate to the top menu item “View” and click on “Developer/View Source.” You can also use the keyboard shortcut Option-Command-U. The part of a website where the user interacts directly is termed as front end.
- Full stack developers work in both the front-end and back-end sides of a website.
- MDN is useful when learning how certain functions work and staying up-to-date on coding and development news.
- They’re called “languages” because they include vocabulary and grammatical rules for communicating with computers.
- Next, we will learn how to view the source code of any webpage using a browser tool.
- W3C standards define an open web platform for application development.
Additionally, effectively structured HTML aids search engine crawlers in indexing and comprehending your content better, resulting in a higher search engine ranking and improved SEO. This section will provide step-by-step instructions to code a site with HTML. Before proceeding, refer to our HTML cheat sheet if you are unfamiliar with the standard markup language. Feel free to check out our guide on the basics of building a site to get more familiar. By carefully following the W3C’s compatibility guidelines, a user agent should be able to interpret the document equally as HTML or XHTML.